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CLASS OF 2010-2011!!!

THE SECOND CONDITIONAL

IF + SUBJECT + PAST SIMPLE , SUBJECT + WOULD + INFINITIVE

SUBJECT + WOULD + INFINITIVE + IF + SUBJECT + PAST S.

The Second Conditional is used to talk about ’impossible’ situations.

  • If we were in London today, we would be able to go to the concert in Hyde Park.
  • If I had millions dollars, I’d give a lot to charity.
  • If there were no hungry people in this world, it would be a much better place.
  • If everyone had clean water to drink, there would be a lot less disease

Note that after I / he/ she /it we often use the subjunctive form 'were' and not 'was'.

  • If she were happy in her job, she wouldn’t be looking for another one.
  • If I lived in Japan, I’d have sushi every day.
  • If they were to enter our market, we’d have big problems.

Note the form 'If I were you' which is often used to give advice.

  • If I were you, I’d look for a new place to live.
  • If I were you, I’d go back to school and get more qualifications.

The Second Conditional is also used to talk about 'unlikely' situations.

  • If I went to China, I’d visit the Great Wall.
  • If I was the President, I’d reduce taxes.
  • If you were in my position, you’d understand.

Note that the 'If clause' can contain the past simple or the past continuous.

  • If I was still working in Brighton, I would commute by train.
  • If she were coming, she would be here by now.
  • If they were thinking of selling, I would want to buy.

Note that the main clause can contain 'would' 'could' or 'might'.

  • If I had the chance to do it again, I would do it differently.
  • If we met up for lunch, we could go to that new restaurant.
  • If I spoke to him directly, I might be able to persuade him.

Also note that sometimes the 'if clause' is implied rather than spoken.

  • What would I do without you? ("if you weren’t here")
  • Where would I get one at this time of night? ("if I wanted one")
  • He wouldn’t agree. ("if I asked him")

exercise 1

exercise 2

exercise 3

exercise 4

exercise 5

exercise 6

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1 comentario

Naiara 6ºc -

This exercises are really good,¿dont you think that?.I´m doing them for tomorrows exam.But Estíbaliz,exercise 3,4 and 6 I think they are the same.Because I did them and I saw it and they were equal.Bye and THAAANNNKKKSSSS!ESTIBALIZ YOU ARE THE ONLY TEACHER THET IS LOOKING AFTER US FOR STUDYING.
¿Y esta publicidad? Puedes eliminarla si quieres
¿Y esta publicidad? Puedes eliminarla si quieres